Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi arrived Monday morning in Basra, the oil-rich southern city where protests over government neglect had escalated into deadly violence, his office said.
After 12 protesters were killed and many of Basra's institutions torched last week, calm returned to the city late Saturday as Abadi's political rivals announced their intentions in Baghdad to form Iraq's next government without him.
Protests first broke out in July in oil-rich Basra province before spreading to other parts of the country, as demonstrators demanded jobs and condemned corruption among Iraqi officials.
Anger in Basra flared on Tuesday over a growing health crisis, after more than 30,000 people were hospitalized by pollution in the city's water supply.
Since then, protesters have flooded the streets, clashing with security forces and torching the provincial headquarters, the Iranian consulate and the offices of armed groups.
Twelve protesters have been killed in the clashes, with rights groups accusing security forces of using excessive force.
Officials have blamed the deaths and violence on vandals who infiltrated the demonstrators.
In July, authorities had already pledged a multi-billion-dollar emergency plan to revive infrastructure and services in southern Iraq following the first wave of protests.
Source: International Islamic News Agency